Stafford says that the Artic is sometimes described as a “desert.” How is the Artic like a desert? Give four examples.
Distinguish what would make chemical cues and light transmit poorly and therefore create the need for marine mammals to use sound to be able to see.
Stafford says that the Artic underwater soundscape in spring is a cacophony of sound. Predict what types of sounds she might have heard.
Assess the impact of “decreases in seasonal sea ice from six weeks to four months.” Evaluate the long-term effects of this decrease on sea life.
Explain what the significance of the age and width of the ice changing might be.
Express how decreasing sea ice might be “changing prey availability for marine birds and animals.” What implications could this have for the future?
Predict what additional impact the number and increasing intensity of storms in the Artic might have on the oceanscape.
Stafford says that ocean animals have essentially gone from the “quiet countryside” to “the big city in the middle of rush hour and they can’t escape it.” Defend man’s invasion into the Artic areas that contribute to the changing sea and soundscapes.
Explore the reasons why shippping companies might be opposed to slowing down their vessels. Determine the reasons why they might prefer that their ships move quickly and the potential impact of a decrease in travel speed.
Imagine being a bowhead living in the Artic. How would you describe your house now as compared to 20 years ago? What would you change if you could?
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